Harold LeClair Ickes (1874-1952) served as Secretary of the Interior in President Roosevelt’s famed New Deal Cabinet, and his energy and determination made him a formidable member. Ickes was born on March 15, 1874 in Frankstown Township, Pennsylvania. He attended the University of Chicago as an undergraduate, eventually becoming a political writer for the Chicago Daily Record in 1897. He graduated from the University of Chicago Law School in 1907 and established himself as an activist, often taking civil liberties cases for no pay. Although listed as a Republican, he frequently crossed party lines, first to support Theodore Roosevelt’s Bull Moose campaign in 1912 and later to join Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal in 1932.
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